The industry is the most energy-intensive and large-scale human activity. Its scale has long been not limited to home or city. Today, humanity is successfully mastering the planet, and some buildings are visible even from space. And it all started from small - with the processing of stone to make it easier to cut wood and enemies. Milestones on the path from a solitary fire to giant power plants and the current state of various industries are covered in books about the industry. Stories of discoveries and complexity of implementation, technology and equipment - all this is contained in the proposed section from Trieste Publishing.
Industry - technically the most advanced branch of material production, the basis of industrialization of the economy, which has a decisive influence on the development of productive forces; a set of enterprises for the production of electricity, tools for the economy, extraction of raw materials, fuel, logging, processing of products produced by industry or agricultural production, extraction and processing of raw materials, production of goods and services.
Industries originated in the framework of subsistence farming, in which raw materials were both mined and processed. The formation of the industry as an independent branch of social production is associated with the process of separation of crafts from agriculture. Craft played an important economic role in the ancient states, and especially in the era of feudalism. The transformation of industry into a special branch of social labor in many countries is associated with the formation of feudal cities, which became commercial and industrial centers of large areas.
The emergence and development of capitalism led to the rapid growth of industry and profound changes in the nature of industrial production. The capitalist industry has gone through 3 stages of development: simple cooperation, manufactory and large machine industry - factories. The transition from manufacturing to a large machine industry is due to the industrial revolution that began in England in the second half of the XVIII century, and during the XIX century. spread to other European countries, the United States and Japan. An important component of the industrial revolution was the introduction into the production and transport of working machines and mechanisms, which replaced the manual labor of people; the creation of an independent machine-building industry. At the turn of the XIX century. and XX century. large machine industry has become in most countries the predominant form of industrial production. Especially rapidly was developing industry in the United States and Germany, which by the beginning of XX century overtook England in terms of growth and size of industrial production.
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